Darjeeling is the name of a town as well
as a district in West Bengal state of India. Both the town
and the district is famous as one of the most important tourist
destinations in the country. Darjeeling is famous throughout
the world for the tea it grows and the great view of Kanchenjunga
range of mountains that it offers. It is also known for its
richness in cultural & natural heritage and the famous
toy train that has been declared
an UN heritage. The district covering about 1144 sq km, attracts
millions of tourists every year for the variety of attractions
The hills rise from the `Terai` and `Dooars`
plains of Bengal and reaches an altitude of more than 12,000
feet. Three divisions of the district, namely Darjeeling,
Kalimpong and Kurseong constitute
the hilly areas and the Siliguri subdivision is in the plains.
To the north of the region is the Indian
state of Sikkim, it borders
Nepal on the West, and Bengal plains in the South and East.
In Darjeeling, those who grow up in the mountains identify
themselves according to their ancestry: Nepalese, Bhutanese,
Tibetan or Lepcha. The region also contends with a religious
mix - Although Hindus represent the majority, there is strong
presence of Tibetan Buddhism and other religions.
Darjeeling Himalaya is famous for its richness
of flora and fauna. There are two national parks (Neora
Valley NP and Singalila NP) and one wild life sanctuary
(Mahananda WLS) in
the area. Singalila national park is famous for red panda,
a very rare and endangered species. Neora valley - a beautiful
tropical forest, large part of which is still virgin - offers
great attraction to the tourists.
When the British first arrived here, the
place was almost completely forested and virtually uninhabited,
though it had once been a sizeable village. Rapid development
work by the British resulted in construction of a road in
1840, numerous houses and a sanatorium was built and a hotel
opened. More about history of the area.
Map of Darjeeling District
By 1857 Darjeeling had a population of some
10,000. The population increase was due mainly to the recruitment
of Nepalese laborers to work in the tea plantations established
in the early 1840s by the British. Even today, the vast majority
of people speak Nepali as a first language.
Occupation: The regions economy is
dependent on three `T`s; Tea, Tourism and Timber. With greater
concern for the environment trade in Timber has fallen sharply
over the years. Apart from these the region produces large
amount of oranges, cardamom, flowers etc.
The 'Queen of Hills', Darjeeling
is arguably the most popular tourist destination in northeast
India. Situated at an altitude of 2134m, this hill town, with
its exquisite scenic beauty, attracts travelers of varied
It is the Abode of Lord Shiva and offers spectacular views
of Kanchenjunga and the hospitality of colorful Himalayan
people. Darjeeling and all her tea plantations lie under the
shadow of this snowy Himalayan giant. The town is just 78
km from Siliguri (the major rail
and road head) and is well connected by Bus and jeep.
View of Kanchenjunga
If you are planning a tour to Darjeeling,
we recommend spending two to three nights in the town to capture
all its beauty. Many tourists like to combine Sikkim with
a tour to Darjeeling town. The most common tourist destinations
around are Kalimpong, Mirik, Kurseong in the Darjeeling hills
and Gangtok, Pelling or North Sikkim area.
You can check the different hotel
options available at Darjeeling or also take one of our
leisure packages or you can simply fill the form at the
bottom of this page for any specific requirement that you
Railway (DHR):A visit to the region is incomplete
without a ride in the toy-train of DHR. The miniature train,
given heritage status by UNESCO, covers the distance of 88
km between New Jalpaiguri station and Darjeeling. more about
the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
Tiger hill: Standing at a height of 2590m, Tiger Hill
is 11 km from the main town. The place is famous for its magnificent
view of Kanchenjunga, Mt. Everest and other eastern Himalayan
peaks especially at the time of sunrise.
The Toytrain at Batasia Loop
Zoological Park : About 2 km. from
the town, this zoo houses a wide collection of high-altitude
birds and animals, India's only collection of Siberian tigers
and some rare species such as the red panda. The padmaja naidu
himalayan zoological park is famous for its success in the
snow leopard breeding program.
Himalayan Mountaineering Institute (HMI) & Museum
: Adjacent to the Zoological Park, HMI runs courses on mountaineering.
It has a mountaineering museum containing mountaineering gears
and the specimens of Himalayan flora & fauna. The Everest
Museum at HMI exhibits the history of attempts on the great
peak. The museum also exhibits equipments used by Tenzing
Norgay (who lived most of his life here) and Edmund Hillary
on their way to Mt. Everest and a letter written by George
Mallory, the British climber who was lost while climbing Mt.
Everest and whose body was found just a few years back.
Lloyd Botanical Garden: The garden,
located below the bus stand, is worth a dekko for its representative
collection of Himalayan plants, flowers and orchids. The serenity
of the sylvan atmosphere that the garden offers is another
reason for its attraction.
Ghoom Monastery: The most
famous monastery around, also known as Yogachoeling Gompa,
enshrines an image of Maitrey Buddha (the coming Buddha),
it is about 10 km from town.
- The source of domestic water of the town, located near
the Tiger Hill.
Passenger Ropeway: - At
North Point, it is ready to offer you a joy ride. About 4
km from darjeeling town. There was an accident in this ropeway
and because of this the ropeway remained closed for several
Dhirdham Temple /Mahakal :
- A Hindu temple, it is modeled on the famous Pashupati Temple
Nehru Park: - Offers you
the most unperturbed view of the mountain ranges of this region.
Ava Art Gallery
darjeeling Gymkhana Club
Bengal Natural History Museum
Map of Darjeeling town
Climate: Average temperature varies
between 20•C and 25•C
near the foothills and goes down sharply as the altitude increases.
In the town of Darjeeling or Kalimpong temperature may range
from 8•C to 15•C
centigrade in summer and from 1•C to
6•C centigrade in winter. It can get
very cold in winter.
An umbrella is a must throughout the year
since rain in the area is quite unpredictable; however the
same is available cheaply in the local markets.
N.B. Light woolen clothes in summer
& warm clothes in winter, a foldable handy umbrella may
The best time to visit Darjeeling is from
mid-September to mid-December, although it gets quite cold
by December. The season resumes around mid-March and continues
till mid-June but as the haze builds up the views become less
clear. During the monsoon months (June to September), clouds
obscure the mountains and the rain is often so heavy that
whole sections of the road from the plains are washed away,
though the major towns are rarely cut off for more than a
few days at a time.